Configuring Bitbucket Cloud Access
These instructions are for using Bitbucket Cloud for Terraform Cloud's VCS features. Bitbucket Cloud is the cloud-hosted version of Bitbucket; self-hosted Bitbucket Server instances have separate instructions, as do the other supported VCS providers.
Configuring a new VCS provider requires permission to manage VCS settings for the organization. (More about permissions.)
Connecting Terraform Cloud to your VCS involves four steps:
|On your VCS||On Terraform Cloud|
|Create a new connection in Terraform Cloud. Get callback URL.|
|Register your Terraform Cloud organization as a new app. Provide callback URL. Get ID and key.|
|Provide Terraform Cloud with ID and key. Request VCS access.|
|Approve access request.|
The rest of this page explains the Bitbucket Cloud-specific versions of these steps.
Step 1: On Terraform Cloud, Begin Adding a New VCS Provider
Go to your organization's settings and then click Providers. The VCS Providers page appears.
Click Add VCS Provider. The VCS Providers page appears.
Select Bitbucket and then select Bitbucket Cloud from the menu. The page moves to the next step.
Leave the page open in a browser tab. In the next step you will copy values from this page, and in later steps you will continue configuring Terraform Cloud.
Step 2: On Bitbucket Cloud, Create a New OAuth Consumer
In a new browser tab, open Bitbucket Cloud and log in as whichever account you want Terraform Cloud to act as. For most organizations this should be a dedicated service user, but a personal account will also work.
Important: The account you use for connecting Terraform Cloud must have admin access to any shared repositories of Terraform configurations, since creating webhooks requires admin permissions.
Navigate to Bitbucket's "Add OAuth Consumer" page.
This page is located at
https://bitbucket.org/<YOUR WORKSPACE NAME>/workspace/settings/oauth-consumers/new. You can also reach it through Bitbucket's menus:
- Click your profile picture and choose the workspace you want to access.
- Click "Settings".
- Click "OAuth consumers," which is in the "Apps and Features" section.
- On the OAuth settings page, click the "Add consumer" button.
This page has a form with several text fields and checkboxes.
Fill out the fields and checkboxes with the corresponding values currently displayed in your Terraform Cloud browser tab. Terraform Cloud lists the values in the order they appear, and includes controls for copying values to your clipboard.
Fill out the text fields as follows:
Field Value Name Terraform Cloud (
<YOUR ORGANIZATION NAME>)
Description Any description of your choice. Callback URL
https://app.terraform.io/<YOUR CALLBACK URL>
https://app.terraform.io(or the URL of your Terraform Enterprise instance)
Ensure that the "This is a private consumer" option is checked. Then, activate the following permissions checkboxes:
Permission type Permission level Account Write Repositories Admin Pull requests Write Webhooks Read and write
Click the "Save" button, which returns you to the OAuth settings page.
Find your new OAuth consumer under the "OAuth Consumers" heading, and click its name to reveal its details.
Leave this page open in a browser tab. In the next step, you will copy and paste the unique Key and Secret.
Step 3: On Terraform Cloud, Set up Your Provider
Enter the Key and Secret from the previous step, as well as an optional Name for this VCS connection.
Click "Connect and continue." This takes you to a page on Bitbucket Cloud asking whether you want to authorize the app.
Click the blue "Grant access" button to proceed.
Step 4: On Terraform Cloud, Set Up SSH Keypair (Optional)
Most organizations will not need to add an SSH private key. However, if the organization's repositories include Git submodules that can only be accessed via SSH, an SSH key can be added along with the OAuth credentials. You can add or update the SSH private key at a later time.
- SSH will only be used to clone Git submodules. All other Git operations will still use HTTPS.
- Do not use your personal SSH key to connect Terraform Cloud and Bitbucket Cloud; generate a new one or use an existing key reserved for service access.
- In the following steps, you must provide Terraform Cloud with the private key. Although Terraform Cloud does not display the text of the key to users after it is entered, it retains it and will use it for authenticating to Bitbucket Cloud.
- Protect this private key carefully. It can push code to the repositories you use to manage your infrastructure. Take note of your organization's policies for protecting important credentials and be sure to follow them.
If You Don't Need an SSH Keypair:
- Click the "Skip and Finish" button. This returns you to Terraform Cloud's VCS Providers page, which now includes your new Bitbucket Cloud client.
If You Do Need an SSH Keypair:
On a secure workstation, create an SSH keypair that Terraform Cloud can use to connect to Bitbucket Cloud. The exact command depends on your OS, but is usually something like:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -m PEM -f "/Users/<NAME>/.ssh/service_terraform" -C "service_terraform_enterprise". This creates a
service_terraformfile with the private key, and a
service_terraform.pubfile with the public key. This SSH key must have an empty passphrase. Terraform Cloud cannot use SSH keys that require a passphrase.
While logged into the Bitbucket Cloud account you want Terraform Cloud to act as, navigate to the SSH Keys settings page, add a new SSH key, and paste the value of the SSH public key you just created.
In Terraform Cloud's "Add VCS Provider" page, paste the text of the SSH private key you just created, and click the "Add SSH Key" button.
At this point, Bitbucket Cloud access for Terraform Cloud is fully configured, and you can create Terraform workspaces based on your organization's shared repositories.