Traffic rate limiting overview
This topic provides overview information about the traffic rates limits you can configure for Consul datacenters.
Configuring rate limits on RPC and gRPC traffic mitigates the risks to Consul servers when client agents or services send excessive read or write requests to Consul resources. A read request is defined as any request that does not modify Consul internal state. A write request is defined as any request that modifies Consul internal state. Configure read and write request limits independently.
You can set global limits on the rate of read and write requests that affect individual servers in the datacenter. You can set limits for all source IP addresses, which enables you to specify a budget for read and write requests to prevent any single source IP from overwhelming the Consul server and negatively affecting the network. The following steps describe the general process for setting global read and write rate limits:
Set arbitrary limits to begin understanding the upper boundary of RPC and gRPC loads in your network. Refer to Initialize rate limit settings for additional information.
Monitor the metrics and logs and readjust the initial configurations as necessary. Refer to Monitor rate limit data
Define your final operational limits based on your observations. If you are defining global rate limits, refer to Set global traffic rate limits for additional information. For information about setting limits per source IP address, refer to Limit traffic rates for a source IP.
Setting limits per source IP requires Consul Enterprise.
You can define request rate limits in the agent configuration and in the control plane request limit configuration entry. The configuration entry also supports rate limit configurations for Consul resources. Consul performs the following order of operations when determining request rate limits:
To define global rate limits, configure the
request_limits settings in the Consul Helm chart. Refer to the Helm chart reference for additional information. Refer to the control plane request limit configuration entry reference for information about applying a CRD for limiting traffic rates from source IPs.