AliCloud auth method
alicloud auth method provides an automated mechanism to retrieve
a Vault token for AliCloud entities. Unlike most Vault auth methods, this
method does not require manual first-deploying, or provisioning
security-sensitive credentials (tokens, username/password, client certificates,
etc), by operators. It treats AliCloud as a Trusted Third Party and uses a
special AliCloud request signed with private credentials. A variety of credentials
can be used to construct the request, but AliCloud offers
that's ideally suited for the purpose. By launching an instance with a role,
the role's STS credentials under instance metadata can be used to securely
build the request.
The AliCloud STS API includes a method,
which allows you to validate the identity of a client. The client signs
GetCallerIdentity query using the AliCloud signature
algorithm. It then
submits 2 pieces of information to the Vault server to recreate a valid signed
request: the request URL, and the request headers. The Vault server then
reconstructs the query and forwards it on to the AliCloud STS service and validates
the result back.
Importantly, the credentials used to sign the GetCallerIdentity request can come from the ECS instance metadata service for an ECS instance, which obviates the need for an operator to manually provision some sort of identity material first. However, the credentials can, in principle, come from anywhere, not just from the locations AliCloud has provided for you.
Each signed AliCloud request includes the current timestamp and a nonce to mitigate the risk of replay attacks.
It's also important to note that AliCloud does NOT include any sort
of authorization around calls to
GetCallerIdentity. For example, if you have
a RAM policy on your credential that requires all access to be MFA authenticated,
non-MFA authenticated credentials will still be able to authenticate to Vault
using this method. It does not appear possible to enforce a RAM principal to be
MFA authenticated while authenticating to Vault.
The basic mechanism of operation is per-role.
Roles are associated with a role ARN that has been pre-created in AliCloud. AliCloud's console displays each role's ARN. A role in Vault has a 1:1 relationship with a role in AliCloud, and must bear the same name.
When a client assumes that role and sends its
GetCallerIdentity request to Vault,
Vault matches the arn of its assumed role with that of a pre-created role in Vault.
It then checks what policies have been associated with the role, and grants a
$ vault auth enable alicloud
$ vault write auth/alicloud/role/dev-role arn='acs:ram::5138828231865461:role/dev-role'
$ vault write auth/alicloud/login \ role=dev-role \ identity_request_url=$IDENTITY_REQUEST_URL_BASE_64 \ identity_request_headers=$IDENTITY_REQUEST_HEADERS_BASE_64
For the RAM auth method, generating the signed request is a non-standard operation. The Vault CLI supports generating this for you:
$ vault login -method=alicloud access_key=... secret_key=... security_token=... region=...
This assumes you have the AliCloud credentials you would find on an ECS instance using the following call:
Please note the
$ROLE_NAME above is case-sensitive and must be consistent with how it's reflected
on the instance.
An example of how to generate the required request values for the
can be found found in the
Vault CLI source code.
The AliCloud auth method has a full HTTP API. Please see the AliCloud Auth API for more details.