Consul Snapshot Inspect
consul snapshot inspect
snapshot inspect command is used to inspect an atomic, point-in-time
snapshot of the state of the Consul servers which includes key/value entries,
service catalog, prepared queries, sessions, and ACLs. The snapshot is read
from the given file.
Typically this is used with Consul self-contained Snapshot files obtained
consul snapshot command or Snapshot
API. If the file provided is named
state.bin however, the command will assume it is a raw raft snapshot in a
Consul server data directory and will attempt to read it directly. The
state.bin file must still be in the same directory as it's associated
meta.json file. This is useful for debugging data on live servers without
making a complete new snapshot via the CLI or API first.
The following fields are displayed when inspecting a snapshot:
ID- A unique ID for the snapshot, only used for differentiation purposes.
Size- The size of the snapshot, in bytes.
Index- The Raft index of the latest log entry in the snapshot.
Term- The Raft term of the latest log entry in the snapshot.
Version- The snapshot format version. This only refers to the structure of the snapshot, not the data contained within.
Each data type, size, and count within the read snapshot.
consul snapshot inspect [options] FILE
-kvdetails- Provides information about space usage for KV data stored in Consul.
-kvdepth- Adjusts the grouping levels of keys. Can only be used with
-kvdetails. Default is
-kvfilter- Only keys that match the specified key prefix are included in the response. Can only be used with
-format- Specifies an output format for the response. Specify
pretty(default) to format the response in a human-readable form as shown in the examples below, or specify
JSONto format the response as JSON.
To inspect a snapshot from the file "backup.snap":
$ consul snapshot inspect backup.snap ID 2-12426-1604593650375 Size 17228 Index 12426 Term 2 Version 1 Type Count Size ---- ---- ---- KVS 27 12.3KB Register 5 3.4KB Index 11 285B Autopilot 1 199B Session 1 199B CoordinateBatchUpdate 1 166B Tombstone 2 146B FederationState 1 139B ChunkingState 1 12B ---- ---- ---- Total 16.8KB
To get more details for a snapshot inspection from "backup.snap":
$ consul snapshot inspect -kvdetails -kvdepth 3 -kvfilter vault/core backup.snap ID 2-12426-1604593650375 Size 17228 Index 12426 Term 2 Version 1 Type Count Size ---- ---- ---- KVS 27 12.3KB Register 5 3.4KB Index 11 285B Autopilot 1 199B Session 1 199B CoordinateBatchUpdate 1 166B Tombstone 2 146B FederationState 1 139B ChunkingState 1 12B ---- ---- ---- Total 16.8KB Key Name Count Size ---- ---- ---- vault/core/leader 1 1.6KB vault/core/mounts 1 675B vault/core/wrapping 1 633B vault/core/local-mounts 1 450B vault/core/auth 1 423B vault/core/cluster 2 388B vault/core/keyring 1 320B vault/core/master 1 237B vault/core/seal-config 1 211B vault/core/hsm 1 189B vault/core/local-audit 1 185B vault/core/local-auth 1 183B vault/core/audit 1 179B vault/core/lock 1 170B vault/core/shamir-kek 1 159B ---- ---- ---- Total 5.9KB
Please see the HTTP API documentation for more details about snapshot internals.
To inspect an internal snapshot directly from a Consul server data directory:
$ consul snapshot inspect /opt/consul/raft/snapshots/9-4600669-1618935304715/state.bin ID 9-4600669-1618935304715 Size 4625420898 Index 4600669 Term 9 Version 1 Type Count Size ---- ---- ---- KVS 4089785 4.3GB Register 9 5.2KB CoordinateBatchUpdate 3 465B Index 8 224B Autopilot 1 199B FederationState 1 139B ChunkingState 1 12B ---- ---- ---- Total 4.3GB