Terraform provides numerous testing capabilities to validate your infrastructure.
These testing capabilities fit into two main categories:
- Validating your configuration and infrastructure as part of your regular Terraform operations.
- Performing traditional unit and integration testing on your configuration.
The various testing capabilities were introduced in the following versions:
- Terraform v0.13.0 introduced Input Variable Validation.
- Terraform v0.15.0 introduced an experimental Terraform
- Terraform v1.2.0 introduced Pre and Post-conditions.
- Terraform v1.5.0 introduced Checks.
- Terraform v1.6.0 deprecated the experimental Terraform
testcommand, and released an updated and finalized Terraform
Note the introduction and deprecation of the experimental
test command, followed by the introduction of the finalized
test command. Refer to the v1.6.x Upgrade Guide for a summary of the changes between the experimental and finalized command.
- Locates Terraform testing files within your configuration directory.
- Provisions the infrastructure within your configuration as specified by each testing file.
- Runs the assertions from the test file against the provisioned infrastructure.
- Destroys the provisioned infrastructure at the end of the test.
test command, along with command-line flags and options, is discussed in detail within Command: test.
Terraform test files have their own configuration syntax. This test file syntax focuses on customizing Terraform executions for the current configuration and overriding variables and providers to test different behaviors.
Validations allow you to verify aspects of your configuration and infrastructure as it is applied and created. Terraform Cloud also supports automated Continuous Validation.
test command also executes any validations within your configuration as part of the tests it executes. For more information on the available validation, refer to Checks and Custom Conditions.
You can write many validations as test assertions, but there are specific use cases for both.
Validations are executed during Terraform plan and apply operations, and the Terraform
test command also runs validations while executing tests. Therefore, use validations to validate aspects of your configuration that should always be true and could impact the valid execution of your infrastructure.
Module authors should note that validations are executed and exposed to module users, so if they fail, ensure the failure messages are understandable and actionable.
In contrast, Terraform only executes tests when you run
terraform test. Use tests to assert the correctness of any logical operations or specific behavior within your configuration. For example, you can test that Terraform creates conditional resources based on an input by setting the input controlling those resources to a certain value then verifying the resources Terraform creates.