Vault Enterprise license required
Vault Enterprise Redundancy Zones provide both read scaling and resiliency benefits by enabling the deployment of non-voting nodes alongside voting nodes on a per availability zone basis.
When using redundancy zones, if an operator chooses to deploy Vault across three availability zones, they could have two (or more) nodes (one voting/one+ non-voting) in each zone. In the event that a voting node in an availability zone fails, the redundancy zone configuration automatically promotes the non-voting node to a voting node. In the event that an entire availability zone is lost, a non-voting node in one of the existing availability zones would be promoted to a voting node, keeping quorum. This capability functions as a "hot standby" for server nodes while also providing enhanced read scalability.
A new key can be added to Vault's
storage configuration stanza:
The value for this key is a string of your choosing and represents the zone this particular node
should be in.
Vault's Autopilot subsystem will always attempt to maintain exactly one voting node per redundancy zone. Any additional nodes beyond the first one will be demoted to non-voting status. Non-voting nodes can serve reads but can not participate in cluster elections.
If redundancy zones are used in conjunction with automated upgrades, Autopilot will always try to ensure that Vault is never moving from a more healthy state to a less healthy state. Autopilot will wait to begin leadership transfer until it can ensure that there will be as much redundancy on the new Vault version as there was on the old Vault version.
The status of redundancy zones can be monitored by consulting the Autopilot state API endpoint.